Evaluate & Monitor:


Information on how to: map supply chains, determine what product data to collect from supply chains, incorporate traceability, and join an industry initiative to drive traceability



  • Require complete supply chain mapping from the vessel or feed level to the end buyer.

    • Supply chain mapping begins with identifying the actors in company supply chains, requesting information on regions they source from, and information about suppliers in their upstream operations, including but not limited to: names of upstream suppliers, address of suppliers' business headquarters, ownership of suppliers' business, and presence of subcontracting. Full supply chain mapping includes assessing supply chain traceability or requesting key data from suppliers.



Maintain transparent and traceable supply chains, starting with seafood products

The first step in identifying potential risk of modern slavery is to map supply chains. This involves identifying all steps in the supply chain such as vessels, farms, and inputs like feed for aquaculture species.
Additional information to collect to help map supply chains includes: 
  • Countries where products are sourced.
  • Specific products sourced from each country.
  • (If applicable) Vendors/agents that place orders in specific production facilities.
  • All production facilities from which products are sourced.
  • Specific products sourced from each production facility.
  • Countries and production facilities under consideration for product sourcing.
Resources to map supply chains:
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Supply Chain Mapping
(Reference Step 2: Assess Risk)


Determine what PRODUCT data to collect FROM SUPPLY CHAINS 


  • Identify what data to collect from supply chains, including which key data elements seafood companies, retailers, and foodservice companies need to implement in their traceability systems.




  • Update traceability systems and move towards traceability best practices. 

  • Participate in the refinement and implementation of industry-wide interoperability best practices.


  • Put systems in place to collect data and maintain clear and updated documentation of company supply chains.

  • Maintain a reliable and effective database or system for tracking this information and updating it regularly.

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Traceability next steps for businesses
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Traceability principles for wild-caught fish products

Take steps to improve vessel transparency:

In order to safeguard human rights and reduce illicit activity at sea, companies, along with NGOs and governments, must commit to initiatives that improve vessel transparency.

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Find the key recommendations here on how companies can improve vessel monitoring and transparency.

Using existing tools, companies at all levels of seafood supply chains can take action to improve vessel transparency and ensure a legal seafood supply by taking the following steps:


- Require all eligible vessels to have an IMO number


- Require all vessels to have an electronic vessel monitoring system


- Encourage data transfer to public vessel lists


- Encourage flag States, especially those of high sourcing priority, to ratify the four key international agreements


- Implement, or request the implementation of, the standards outlined in the four key international agreements by vessels, supply chains, and international fisheries management organizations


- Share key data elements about seafood sources – including fishing or farm location, flag of vessel, IMO number, and method of fishing – throughout the supply chain


- Continuously advocate for the adoption of the Port State Measures Agreement, Work in Fishing Convention, Cape Town Agreement, and Standards of Training, Certification, and Watchkeeping for Fishing Vessel Personnel.

Join an INDUSTRY INITIATIVE to drive traceability


  • Participate in traceability focused multi-stakeholder initiatives to provide knowledge, guidance, and collective actions. Below are a few examples of initiatives within the seafood sector: 

The Seafood Task Force (Task Force) is a group of seafood processors, feed producers, buyers, retailers, government representatives and NGOs who have come together to address issues surrounding labour and illegal fishing in seafood supply chains currently focusing on the seas around Thailand.
The Task Force is the only international multi-stakeholder collaboration with full supply chain participation addressing risks of forced labour, human trafficking, and IUU fishing in the Thai seafood supply chain. It recognizes that the social issues related to human rights abuse and the environmental issues related to marine conservation are both closely linked to illegal, unreported and uncertified fishing (IUU) and has a clear focus on tackling IUU. 

The Seafood Alliance for Legality and Traceability (SALT) is a global alliance to promote legal and sustainable fisheries through improved transparency in seafood supply chains. SALT brings together the seafood industry, governments, and NGOs to accelerate learning and support collaboration on innovative solutions for legal and sustainable seafood, with a particular focus on traceability.


One of SALT’s objectives is to identify ways in which the implementation of electronic catch documentation and traceability can support human and labor rights for all seafood workers, food security, livelihoods, and well-being. SALT is doing this by hosting collaboration and learning events (in-person and virtual) that convene diverse stakeholders to co-create solutions, and an online resource and learning platform where SALT will produce and feature resources that address these linkages.

The GDST is an international, business-to-business platform established to advance a unified framework for interoperable seafood traceability practices.


With three technical working groups, the pre-competitive Dialogue aims to produce an aligned global framework for seafood traceability based on four pillars: internationally agreed key data elements (KDEs) to be routinely associated with seafood. The GDST is working on the topic of refining and implementing industry-wide interoperability best practices, and producing an industry aligned set of KDEs necessary for traceability.